Oriental Rugs - Persian Rugs
The Oriental rug or Persian rug reflected indigenous native and sometime nomadic cultures in central Asia and the orient. Lacking agriculture but committed to on-the-move animal husbandry associated with driving sheep to varying grazing lands, nomadic cultures developed the oriental rug as a response to their lack of permanence in any one site and need to create value items that could be easily transported.
The infusion of Islamic and Buddhist iconography into tiger rug, abstract geometrical wool rug catalogued the fears and aspirations of a culture with deep animistic and spiritual roots.
The Oriental Rug History You Should Know About Before Buying
Regional differences in Oriental rug design and production led to Indian rug design utilizing available cottons as well as to the long wool tiger rug designs of
Tibetand Nepal.Meanwhile, China invested their Oriental rug designs with dragon and lotus motifs along with highly ornate abstract bordering and exotic coloring.
The west, especially
Europe, appears to have made initial contact with the weavers and traders of Oriental rug via solo journeys such as by Marco Polo or by the Portuguese and Spanish traders sometime around the 12th to 14th century.In Spainduring the 8th century, the rise of Islam and subsequent Moorish invasion of Spain established cultural remnants and direct trade in Persian rug. Evidence of this trade in tiger rug and related Persian rug designs show up in the Italian painters of Florence and Genoa, major trading centers to the far east during the 12th century. Spanish carpet making in the mean time reflected the Oriental rug design influence by the resident Muslim population, which had been left behind following the 8th century invasion.
To Europeans the Oriental rug meant a Turkish carpet, which was entirely decorative in nature and not to be placed on the floor. In
Asia , however, the Persian carpet and smaller Oriental rug was used to insulate dirt floors during colder months, to cover horse and camel, as wool rug to decorate walls of a caravan tent. European weavers openly copied and plagiarized the Oriental rug designs, moving away from the tiger rug motif to highly ornate Baroque and Rococo floral patterns.
Trade in oriental carpet diminished until the 19th century when genuine Persian rug from the villages and nomadic regions became available to the rapidly affluent middle classes of Europe whose buying power stimulated resurgence in Oriental rug production in the central Asia regions.
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