Wool Rugs - Wool Area Rug

In the development of society and the measurement of wealth and accumulation of capital, wool has been a key resource. Luxury goods such as a wool rug were vital to the formation of trading economies during the Mesopotamian era such as in the trading center of Ur during the period 2000 B.C. Wool production was second to food production.

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The generation of a wool "crop" and then secondary market of skilled weavers of oriental wool rug or area carpet designs spawned a growth of jobs as well as internationalism and trading, as excess wool inventory was traded externally into a wider market.

Wool Rug Designs Originally Meant Wealth And Prestige

Wool Rug
Since wool production exceeded domestic or local area demand, a system of organizing weavers and craftsmen and traders emerged, keen to convert this added value wool excess first into wool rug products, and then transporting these same Oriental wool rug designs to trading centers where the wool rug would be sold, converting the wool rug back to cash representing initial investment plus profit. Sumerian economic records show that local producers generated over 2000 tones of wool fiber available for conversion into clothing, wool rug designs, or raw commodity for external trading purposes. Event the bible contains a form of historical record evidencing the significance of wool, as in Joseph's coat or Jesus' robe. To the Romans, like the earlier Assyrians, wool was accorded similar economic value as did gold and silver.

In the USA , the federal government introduced substitute breeds of merino and rambouillet sheep to the Navajo Indian tribe for spinning into their famed wool rug designs. Regrettably, these introduced breeds produced a wool fiber that resulted in wool rug products shrinking or breaking down prematurely because the underlying fiber is light and delicate and unable to withstand normal use.

Similarly disastrous results followed the intervention by Morocco 's government into wool rug production. In this instance industrially produced yarns for wool rug production would "save time" and encourage continuance of the weaving tradition. The result is that these new labor saving yarns are light, lack robustness, don't wear well, and lack luster. When new, these wool rug products are soft and create the perception of value and fine quality. However, the wool rug quickly degrades as the fibers shear off due to being only half the diameter and length of the traditional long fiber wool. It's important to recall for the quality of a wool rug purchase that a wool fiber which is twice as thick is also four times the surface area, which means that it can withstand significantly higher continuous levels of abrasion due to the increase in surface area within the wool rug fibers. Coptic, even pre-Columbian, Dutch or Italian wool rug tapestries many centuries old continue to hold shape and luster and can be cleaned and spruced up with damage to the integrity of the fiber. Meanwhile "modern" wool rug designs or even wool deployed in public art is based on the wrong wool fiber, accordingly has already degraded beyond the point of remediation.


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